Alfama (pronounced al-fa-ma) is Lisbon’s Moorish district: a medina-like neighbourhood of narrow and maze-like streets at the foot of the
Castelo de São Jorge, the city’s medieval castle.
Alfama comes from the Arabic name al-hammâ, which means “City of the Baths”. It is the oldest and one of the most typical neighbourhoods in Lisbon.
During the Moorish occupation (711-1147), Alfama was the city of Lisbon, progressively spreading to the Baixa. It was inhabited by fishermen and the lower classes. Most buildings survived the 1755 earthquake, unlike those in the Baixa district.
Alfama is well known for its fado restaurants. The song, inscribed on UNESCO’s list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, is said to have be born here. If you visit Lisbon in June, don’t miss the famous arraiais (street parties) during the Feast of St Anthony.
|1. The Sé||4. Castelo de São Jorge||7. Panteão Nacional|
|2. Miradouro de Santa Luzia||5. Igreja de São Vicente de Fora||8. Streets of Alfama|
|3. Miradouro das Portas do Sol||6. Feira da Ladra||9. Museu do Fado|